Entity Framework error Some part of your SQL statement is nested too deeply

Today a colleague told me that he got a strange Entity Framework error

Some part of your SQL statement is nested too deeply. Rewrite the query or break it up into smaller queries

I immediately ask him what kind of huge and big query he was issuing to EF, but the answer is pretty simple.

Context.EntityName.Where(u => listOfId.Any(s => s.Equals(u.UserId))).ToList()

and listOfId is a List<Int32> with 100 integer

Basically he want to retrieve all entities that are related to a list of UserIds, having the list of UserId inside a simple list of integer. Even if the query looks good, this got translated to a monster Sql Query. Here it is a screenshot of the query (it is really too big to include in source)

image

Actually this probably happens because EF is not hable to handle well an Any operator applied to a list of integer and he treats it as any other ANY operator, so he creates basically a subquery for each of the number in the list.

The solution is quite obvious, rewrite the query

Context.EntityName.Where(u => listOfId.Contains(u.UserId)).ToList()

This is a much simpler query, it simply express that we want all the entities with a UserId property that is contained in the list of Id. EF is now capable of translating in a much simpler SQL.

image

This query is what we expect, a simple query with an IN operator.

The lesson learned from this example is: Try to express your query in the simplest way and always look at what EF generates, to avoid bad surprise.

Gian Maria

Published by

Ricci Gian Maria

.Net programmer, User group and community enthusiast, programmer - aspiring architect - and guitar player :). Visual Studio ALM MVP

2 thoughts on “Entity Framework error Some part of your SQL statement is nested too deeply”

Comments are closed.